Greek Revival Architecture Glossary of Terms. Characteristics Of Greek Revival Architecture 968 Words 4 Pages.
Plain in the Doric order molded in the Ionic order.
Greek architecture terms. Their vertical shafts were fluted with parallel concave grooves. Temples were first built utilizing materials such as mud and wood which created temporary structures that did not last long. 1072021 1 Greek Architecture Architecture Terms arch.
Caryatid a sculptured female figure serving as an architectural support also known as a column. The Doric Order the Ionic Order and the Corinthian Order. The later male counterpart of the caryatid is referred to as a telamon.
Greek Revival 1825-1860 Greek Revival architecture was a building style that emerged in Europe and the United States in the late eighteen and early nineteenth centuries. An ornamented pedestal at the corner or peak of a roof. Architrave- a lintel in stone or beam of timber carried from the top of one column or pier to another.
Odeion building for musical competitions. The Ionic and Doric styles were widely used in ancient Greece and later adopted by the Romans. A structure spanning an opening that is supported from the sides.
A support on the outside of a wall that helps to stabilize a vault or roof. Ionic columns are characterized by volutes in the capital. Crepidoma is an architectural term related to ancient Greek buildings.
ECeDee CC BY-SA Akroterion – a decorative piece added to the roof of a temple at the apex and corners usually made of clay or bronze and often in the form of a palm or statue for example of Nike. A cartouche does in fact resemble a stretched convex sheet of paper surrounded by scrolling ornamentation and is often prominently featured on historic architectural drawings maps and globes. It features an elaborate capital that is decorated to look good all the way around and traditionally featured stylized representations of acanthus leavesa plant that grows wild in the.
These Orders laid down a broad set of rules concerning the design and construction of temples and similar buildings. Ancient Greek architecture devised three main orders or templates. Greek architects liked to site their theatres in such places that gave the audience a spectacular view not just of the actors on the stage but also the landscape behind.
Tuscan Doric Corinthian and Composite. The crepidoma usually has three levels. One of five orders of classical architecture the others being.
The most famous type of Greek architecture is the temple. The levels typically decrease in size incrementally forming a series of steps along all or some sides of the building. This is a continuous flat pavement on which a row of columns is supported The uppermost course of the platform of a classical Greek temple which supports the columns.
A vertical post divided into a base a shaft and a capital at the top. Abacus – a large slab placed above the column capital to support the architrave or an arch placed above it. Classic Greek architecture apogee of Greek architectural design much imitated in later architecture.
In their original Greek version Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement the stylobate of a temple without a base. Stylobate At the bottom of the columns. The lowest member of the entablature.
Acroterion may be a palmate a statue or a pedestal. Unfired mud blocks used for wall construction often covered with stucco. The crepidoma is the platform on which the superstructure of the building is erected.
The lowest section of the entablature. GFRC glass fiber reinforced concrete. Agora an open place of assembly in ancient greek city-states.
Abacus- the uppermost member of a capital. Architrave frieze and cornice. It is also used to reference ornamental molding around doors and windows.
The term is derived from the Greek term for papyrus khartēs χάρτης from which we also receive the English word chart with the original sense of a map. Cloister covered walk around a space usually square with a wall on one side and columns on the other. In Greek architecture the stepped base on which a temple stands.
Clerestory upper story of nave of chruch pierced with windows. A curved semispherical roof structure that is. Most commonly used in areas that experience little rainfall.
The Corinthian order named for the Greek city of Corinth is the youngest of the three Greek architecture stylesand was the favorite of the ancient Romans. Architectural TermsSome Basic Definitions. And they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the.
It took elements of classical Greek architecture and used them in a wide variety of buildings. The Doric order was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture. The 2nd-century BCE theatre at Pergamon in modern Turkey built by Eumenes II must hold one of most breathtaking positions as it is perched on a steep hillside looking down on the plain of the river Caicus far below.